Applied positive psychology
Positive psychology is a relatively new branch of psychology that conducts scientific inquiry into the factors that help individuals, communities and organisations to thrive by building on their strengths and virtues (Gable & Haidt, 2005). Led by the pioneering work of Martin Seligman, researchers over the past two decades have discovered some of the fundamental processes and patterns of thinking, feeling and relating that facilitate human success. They have further developed specific techniques and interventions that can help us better understand and adopt these patterns of thinking, feeling and behaviour (Gable & Haidt, 2005; Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). Identifying and building upon your character strengths, and cultivating positive emotions, positive relationships, meaning and a sense of accomplishment, all help to build happier and fulfilled lives.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) has long been one of the most widely used and effective forms of treatment for many psychological difficulties. This approach focuses on recognisng the relationship between thoughts and feelings, identifying unhelpful thoughts and beliefs that cause distress, and developing new, more helpful beliefs and coping strategies.. CBT also incorporate relaxation strategies and behaviour change.
Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Acceptance & Commitment Therapy (ACT) aims to maximise your potential to lead a full, rich and meaningful life by accepting what is out of your control without judgement or analysis (rather than constantly fighting against these things), and cultivating vitality by clarifying and focusing on your values (the things that are important and meaningful to you). This mindful way of operating differs from the typical problem solving approach by teaching the skills to deal effectively with difficult or painful thoughts and feeling in a way that reduces their impact.
“Mindfulness is paying attention on purpose, in the present moment, as if your life depended on it, non-judgmentally”, (Jon Kabat-Zinn 2006).
Mindfulness is an ancient practice, advocated across a wide range of spiritual traditions that is now scientifically validated and embraced by Western psychology. The aim of mindfulness is to pay attention to the present, the here and now, with an accepting, non-judgemental attitude. Numerous studies and MRI brain scans have revealed that regular mindfulness practice can change the structure and the function of or brains, having a positive impact on stress, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, panic, pain and obsessive compulsions. It has been shown to benefit immune function, lifestyle changes, sleep, and general wellbeing.
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) actively aims to solve problems, by focusing on interpersonal relationships. Any problems that are identified, including troubling behaviours and attitudes, are explored in the context of, and in terms of interpersonal relations. IPT it aims to improve interpersonal functioning (i.e., how you relate to, and interact with other important individuals in your life).
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
Motivational Interviewing (MI) helps people to explore and resolve and ambivalence they may have about changes their behaviours. Mi helps people become aware of their own reasons to retaining the status quo or changing their behaviour, thereby helping with decision-making.
Family Systems Therapy
Many forms of therapy are based on family systems theory, which argues that our thoughts and behaviours are influenced and informed by the people and systems around us, particularly our families. This approach assist individuals by looking at family relationships, patterns and functions.
Solution Focused Therapy
Solution Focused Therapy works towards achieving identified goals through agreed upon steps and strategies.
Relaxation strategies include abdominal breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, guided visualisation, meditation and mindfulness.
Psycho-education focuses on providing relevant information about psychological difficulties, associated behaviours, treatments and solutions
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